It is important that we know some fundamental numbers and keep track of them, regularly. These are not mere numbers but our essential health indices. These numbers are not just our vital statistics but variations could indicate some major ailment or pending ailment. Shrug off the, "I am perfectly fine", "Why do I need to" and "I am alert ". A little bit of complacency could be the symptom of a much bigger disorder. So, it's time that we know and remember our numbers.
Hypertension is the medical term for High Blood Presure and is a condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is elevated.
A blood pressure of 120/80 is ideal. Anything above 140/90 is alarming. A portable BP machine at home is of immense help and saves a lot of time and energy. Alternatively, get it checked by your doctor. There are also the options of free clinics and monitoring units which are becoming common in drug stores today.
2. Basal Metabolic Index(BMI)
BMI is an approximate method of measuring the fat in your body, and is easy to calculate. Figure as
BMI: (weight in lbX4.88)/ [(height in feet)squared] or (weight in kgs)/ [(height in meter)squared]
BMI numbers and their meanings:
Below 18.5: underweight
18.5 - 24.9: normal
25.0 - 29.9: overweight
30.0 and above: obese
Find out your ideal body weight. It is approximately calculated by this rule of thumb.
Women:- Allow 100 lbs for the first 5 feet and 5lbs for each additional inch.
Men:- Allow 110 lbs for the first 5 feet and 5 lbs for each additional inch.
4. Waist size
Determine your waist size with reference to your height.
An ideal waist size is below (height / 2)
Waist should be less than 40 inches for male
And less than 32 inches for female
Cholesterol is comprised of both good (HDL) and bad (LDL) cholesterol.
Cholesterol plaque that causes the narrowing of the arteries and increases the risk of heart disease is brought about by the elevated levels of bad cholesterol.
Total cholesterol ( HDL and LDL) should be less 200 mg/dL
LDL should be less than 70 mg/dL
HDL (only good cholesterol) should be greater than 60 mg/dL
6. Blood Sugar
Diabetes is a condition in which the person has high blood sugar that is brought about by the insufficient production or improper usage of insulin by the body.
Fasting sugar should be less than 100 mg/dL
2 hours after 75 gm of oral glucose reading should be less than 140 mg/dL
And there are more...
7. Emergency buddy number
If you ask me, memorizing a good friend's phone number, for an emergency, might just come in handy, especially if you have wee hour shifts, or do overnight jobs. Save his/ her number as a speed dial on your mobile and let him/ her know when you leave from work. Alternatively, he checks back up on you at a certain time every day. It saves you from untoward things while traveling alone, especially at night.
8. Shoe size, dress size, inner garments size
These are basics but sometimes, I find people fidgeting and fumbling. Just make sure you are not one of them. Don't let your clothes be smarter than you! Watch your sizes, if they tend to go up often.
9. Myopia or Hyperopia (Short sighted or long sighted) numbers
Do you wear specs? If so, you must know how myopic or hypermetropic you are. Next time you go and get yourself checked you must have these numbers at your fingertips.
10. No. 2 again!!
For easy conversion
1 Kg = 2.204 lbs
1 cm = 0.39 inch
We should know and keep track these vital parameters. At the same time, it is also important not to be intimidated by the prognosis and the probable conditions. We are smart enough to control our lifestyle and keep a check on our health indices before it's too late.